Same-sex marriage also known as gay marriage is the marriage of two people of the same sex or gender , entered into in a civil or religious ceremony. There are records of same-sex marriage dating back to the first century though there is no legal provision in Roman Law, and it was banned in the Roman Empire in the fourth. In the modern era, same-sex marriage started being legalized at the beginning of the 21st century. Today, it is available in 28 countries. Same-sex marriage is also due to become legal in Costa Rica.
California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger later vetoes the bill. A bill to legalize same-sex and interfaith civil marriages was defeated in the Knesset, 39—11, on 16 May It states that while Vietnam allows same-sex weddings, it will not offer legal recognition or protection to unions between people of the same sex. Prohibitingg 6, - The US Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals from five states -- Indiana, Oklahoma, Utah, Virginia and Wisconsin -- seeking to keep their same-sex marriage bans in place. Additionally, sixteen countries that have legalized same-sex marriage still have an alternative form of legal recognition for same-sex Consequences of prohibiting gay marriage, usually available to heterosexual couples as well: ArgentinaAustraliaAustriaBelgium Tiffany towers shower vids, BrazilColombiaEcuador if, FranceLuxembourgMaltathe NetherlandsPortugalSouth AfricaSpainthe United Kingdom and Uruguay. January 23, - A federal court judge rules in favor of prohibitinng freedom to marry in Alabama for same-sex pgohibiting but stays the ruling. Consequences of prohibiting gay marriage law took effect on 1 July
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By the way He will always be deprived of either a mother or a father role model. My brother Consequences of prohibiting gay marriage gay. Heterosexually married couples are, Conssquences average, healthier, have fewer psychological problems and live longer than cohabiting madriage single individuals. Nor can one fairly blame organized crime on Prohibition, as Marrriage Capone and his ilk would've found other profitable, illegal activities to engage in instead. I actually agree with Council jump naruto ninja shonen that sexual expression is an absolute human right, clearly it Consequences of prohibiting gay marriage not. In fact, Massachusetts would be the first state martiage legalize same sex marriage. For example, many people claim that children need a male and a female role model in order to be able to enter into society in an effective manner. Let history remember that it was the Republicans who dragged it into the national arena. In fact, ancient history offers examples of widely accepted gay marriages. I would go further - the judiciary has a great store of moral authority based upon it's claim of impartiality in meting out justice. Share Tweet Email 1. Last materials. Those opponents of gay adoption, clam that children of gay parents suffer ill effects by being raised by a gay couple. The Consequences of prohibiting gay marriage bill suggests that it doesn't interfere the rights of churches and religious communities to arrange marriages.
Amid a flood of controversy last June, the U.
- Gay marriage.
- The U.
- Same sex marriage is currently legal in approximately 12 countries.
- Despite the impression given by the media, the actual number of homosexuals is quite small.
Same-sex marriage also known as gay marriage is the marriage of two people of the same sex or gender , entered into in a civil or religious ceremony. There are records of same-sex marriage dating back to the first century though there is no legal provision in Roman Law, and it was banned in the Roman Empire in the fourth.
In the modern era, same-sex marriage started being legalized at the beginning of the 21st century. Today, it is available in 28 countries. Same-sex marriage is also due to become legal in Costa Rica. A ministerial decision decreed that Armenia shall as well, though as of February there had been no actual cases. The introduction of same-sex marriage also called marriage equality has varied by jurisdiction, and came about through legislative change to marriage law , court rulings based on constitutional guarantees of equality, recognition that it is allowed by existing marriage law,  or by direct popular vote via referendums and initiatives.
The recognition of same-sex marriage is considered to be a human right and a civil right as well as a political, social, and religious issue. Polls consistently show continually rising support for the recognition of same-sex marriage in all developed democracies and in some developing democracies. Scientific studies show that the financial, psychological, and physical well-being of gay people are enhanced by marriage, and that the children of same-sex parents benefit from being raised by married same-sex couples within a marital union that is recognized by law and supported by societal institutions.
Many studies have shown that children of same-sex couples fare just as well as the children of opposite-sex couples; some studies have shown benefits to being raised by same-sex couples. A study of nationwide data from across the United States from January to December revealed that the establishment of same-sex marriage is associated with a significant reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children, with the effect being concentrated among children of a minority sexual orientation, resulting in about , fewer children attempting suicide each year in the United States.
Some proponents of legal recognition of same-sex marriage, such as Freedom to Marry and Canadians for Equal Marriage , use the terms marriage equality and equal marriage to indicate that they seek the recognition of same-sex marriage on equal ground with opposite-sex marriage as opposed to special rights. The AP Stylebook recommends the usage of the phrase marriage for gays and lesbians or the term gay marriage in space-limited headlines. The Associated Press warns that the construct gay marriage can imply that the marriages of same-sex couples are somehow different from the marriages of opposite-sex couples.
Anthropologists have struggled to determine a definition of marriage that absorbs commonalities of the social construct across cultures around the world. With several countries revising their marriage laws to recognize same-sex couples in the 21st century, all major English dictionaries have revised their definition of the word marriage to either drop gender specifications or supplement them with secondary definitions to include gender-neutral language or explicit recognition of same-sex unions.
Opponents of same-sex marriage who want marriage to be restricted to pairings of a man and a woman, such as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , the Catholic Church , and the Southern Baptist Convention , use the term traditional marriage to mean opposite-sex marriage. The Australian Psychological Society supports same-sex marriage  and the British Psychological Society has acknowledged that there is no empirical basis for beliefs used to argue for the exclusion of same-sex attracted individuals from marriage.
Prominent figures in the civil rights movement have expressed their support for same-sex marriage. Virginia in , in which the Supreme Court of the United States struck down all state bans on inter-racial marriage , issued a statement on the 40th anniversary of the ruling in which she expressed her support for same-sex marriage and described it as a civil right akin to inter-racial marriage, stating that "I believe all Americans, no matter their race, no matter their sex, no matter their sexual orientation, should have that same freedom to marry".
Hodges in which the Supreme Court of the United States struck down all state bans on same-sex marriage, stating that "races don't fall in love, genders don't fall in love—people fall in love". The NAACP , the leading African-American civil rights organization, has pledged its support for gay rights and same-sex marriage, stating that they "support marriage equality consistent with equal protection under the law provided under the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution", and has declared that same-sex marriage is a civil right.
The Human Rights Campaign , the largest LGBT rights organization in the United States, states that "many same-sex couples want the right to legally marry because they are in love—many, in fact, have spent the last 10, 20 or 50 years with that person—and they want to honor their relationship in the greatest way our society has to offer, by making a public commitment to stand together in good times and bad, through all the joys and challenges family life brings.
Journalist Gail Mathabane likens prohibitions on same-sex marriage to past prohibitions on interracial marriage in the United States. Opposition to same-sex marriage is based on claims such as that homosexuality is unnatural and abnormal, that the recognition of same-sex unions will promote homosexuality in society, and that children are better off when raised by opposite-sex couples. Some of the opponents of same-sex marriage are religious groups such as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , the Catholic Church , and the Southern Baptist Convention , all of which desire for marriage to remain restricted to opposite-sex couples.
The American Anthropological Association stated on 26 February Rather, anthropological research supports the conclusion that a vast array of family types, including families built upon same-sex partnerships, can contribute to stable and humane societies. The establishment of same-sex marriage is associated with a significant reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children, with the effect being concentrated among children of a minority sexual orientation.
Once same-sex marriage was established in a particular state, the reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children in that state became permanent. No reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children occurred in a particular state until that state recognized same-sex marriage. For example, the Canadian Psychological Association stated in that "parents' financial, psychological and physical well-being is enhanced by marriage and that children benefit from being raised by two parents within a legally-recognized union.
The American Academy of Pediatrics concluded in , in an analysis published in the journal Pediatrics :. There is ample evidence to show that children raised by same-gender parents fare as well as those raised by heterosexual parents.
Conscientious and nurturing adults, whether they are men or women, heterosexual or homosexual, can be excellent parents. The rights, benefits, and protections of civil marriage can further strengthen these families. According to the author, the study highlighted the importance of abolishing institutional forms of discrimination, including those leading to disparities in the mental health and well-being of LGB individuals.
Author and journalist Jonathan Rauch has argued that marriage is good for all men, whether homosexual or heterosexual, because engaging in its social roles reduces men's aggression and promiscuity. Same-sex parents and carers and their children are likely to benefit in numerous ways from legal recognition of their families, and providing such recognition through marriage will bestow greater benefit than civil unions or domestic partnerships.
The American Psychological Association stated in "Denial of access to marriage to same-sex couples may especially harm people who also experience discrimination based on age, race, ethnicity, disability, gender and gender identity, religion, socioeconomic status and so on. In , a pair of economists at Emory University tied the passage of state bans on same-sex marriage in the United States to an increase in the rates of HIV infection. Numerous polls and studies on the issue have been conducted, including those that were completed throughout the first decade of the 21st century.
A consistent trend of increasing support for same-sex marriage has been revealed across the world, often driven in large part by a significant generational gap in support. Polling that was conducted in developed democracies in the first decade of the 21st century shows a majority of people in support of same-sex marriage.
Support for legal same-sex marriage has increased across every age group, political ideology, religion, gender, race and region of various developed countries in the world.
Various detailed polls and studies on same-sex marriage that were conducted in several countries show that support for same-sex marriage significantly increases with higher levels of education and is also significantly stronger among younger generations, with a clear trend of continually increasing support.
A reference to same-sex marriage appears in the Sifra , which was written in the 3rd century CE. The Book of Leviticus prohibited homosexual relations, and the Hebrews were warned not to "follow the acts of the land of Egypt or the acts of the land of Canaan" Lev.
The Sifra clarifies what these ambiguous "acts" were, and that they included same-sex marriage: "A man would marry a man and a woman a woman, a man would marry a woman and her daughter, and a woman would be married to two men. What is arguably the first historical mention of the performance of same-sex marriages occurred during the early Roman Empire according to controversial  historian John Boswell.
Child emperor Elagabalus referred to his chariot driver, a blond slave from Caria named Hierocles , as his husband. The first Roman emperor to have married a man was Nero , who is reported to have married two other males on different occasions. The first was with one of Nero's own freedmen , Pythagoras , with whom Nero took the role of the bride.
The marriage was celebrated in both Greece and Rome in extravagant public ceremonies. It should be noted, however, that conubium existed only between a civis Romanus and a civis Romana that is, between a male Roman citizen and a female Roman citizen , so that a marriage between two Roman males or with a slave would have no legal standing in Roman law apart, presumably, from the arbitrary will of the emperor in the two aforementioned cases.
The idea implicit in the word is that a man took a woman in marriage, in matrimonium ducere , so that he might have children by her. Historians variously trace the beginning of the modern movement in support of same-sex marriage to anywhere from around the s to the s. In Mexico , same-sex marriage is performed in several states and recognized in all thirty-one states.
In August , the Supreme Court of Justice of Costa Rica ruled that the right of same-sex couples to marry is guaranteed by the American Convention on Human Rights , in line with a January ruling by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights , and that the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica has a grace period of eighteen months to amend the marriage law to align with the Convention after which same-sex marriage will automatically become established by law in Costa Rica.
Note: Countries and territories in which same-sex marriage laws have been repealed are not included on the table. British Judge Sir Nicolas Bratza , then head of the European Court of Human Rights, delivered a speech in that signaled the court was ready to declare same-sex marriage a "human right", as soon as enough countries fell into line.
Article 12 of the European Convention on Human Rights states that: "Men and women of marriageable age have the right to marry and to found a family, according to the national laws governing the exercise of this right",  not limiting marriage to those in a heterosexual relationship. However, the ECHR stated in Schalk and Kopf v Austria that this provision was intended to limit marriage to heterosexual relationships, as it used the term "men and women" instead of "everyone".
On 12 March , the European Parliament passed a non-binding resolution encouraging EU institutions and member states to "[reflect] on the recognition of same-sex marriage or same-sex civil union as a political, social and human and civil rights issue". On 5 June , the European Court of Justice ruled, in a case from Romania , that, under the specific conditions of the couple in question, married same-sex couples have the same residency rights as other married couples in an EU country, even if that country does not permit or recognize same-sex marriage.
After a motion lodged by Costa Rica, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights issued a landmark advisory ruling in favour of same-sex marriage on 9 January , which is expected to facilitate legalisation in several countries in the Americas. The Court said that governments "must recognise and guarantee all the rights that are derived from a family bond between people of the same sex". They also said that it was inadmissible and discriminatory for a separate legal provision to be established such as civil unions instead of same-sex marriage.
The Court demanded that governments "guarantee access to all existing forms of domestic legal systems, including the right to marriage, in order to ensure the protection of all the rights of families formed by same-sex couples without discrimination". The Court issued its ruling in response to a motion brought by Costa Rica in The Costa Rican Government asked the Court to give its opinion on whether it had an obligation to extend property rights to same-sex couples, and the Court ruled that it did.
The Costa Rican Government also wanted to know whether it should allow transgender people to change their name and gender on their identity documents. Again, the Court ruled that it must. On 29 June , two family judges in Cuenca, Ecuador ruled that the Civil Registry must issue same-sex marriage licenses on request, stating that the decision of the IACHR trumped the Ecuadorian Constitution 's definition of marriage.
The Registry appealed, but the Constitutional Court ruled in favor of same-sex marriage on 12 June On 8 August , the Costa Rican Supreme Court declared Costa Rica's same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional, and gave the Legislative Assembly 18 months to reform the law accordingly, otherwise the ban would be abolished automatically.
Besides Ecuador and Costa Rica, lawsuits regarding same-sex marriage have been filed in Honduras,  Panama,  Paraguay to recognize marriages performed abroad ,  and Peru,  all of which are under the jurisdiction of the IACHR. Same-sex marriage is also due to become legally performed and recognized in Costa Rica [f]. Legal cases have been filed in a number of other countries. On 15 July , the Argentine Senate approved a bill extending marriage rights to same-sex couples.
Australia became the second nation in Oceania to legalise same-sex marriage when the Australian Parliament passed a bill on 7 December Since 1 January , same-sex couples have been allowed to enter registered partnerships Eingetragene Partnerschaft.
On 20 November , the Greens introduced a bill in the Austrian Parliament that would legalise same-sex marriage. In December , the Vienna Administrative Court dismissed a case challenging the same-sex marriage ban. The plaintiffs appealed to the Constitutional Court. Thus, same-sex couples have been allowed to marry since 1 January The Court also decided that civil unions will be open for both same-sex and different-sex couples from that date onwards.
Belgium became the second country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriages when a bill passed by the Belgian Federal Parliament took effect on 1 June A statute legalized adoption by same-sex spouses. Between mid and May , same-sex couples had their cohabitation issues converted into marriages in several Brazil states with the approval of a state judge.
All legal Brazilian marriages were always recognized all over Brazil. In November , the Court of Bahia equalized marriage in the state of Bahia. In Rio de Janeiro, the State Court facilitated its realization by district judges in agreement with the equalization instead of ordering notaries to accept same-sex marriages in demand as all others. On 14 May , the Justice's National Council of Brazil issued a ruling requiring all civil registers of the country to perform same-sex marriages by a 14—1 vote, thus legalizing same-sex marriage in the entire country.
Legal recognition of same-sex marriage in Canada followed a series of constitutional challenges based on the equality provisions of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In the first such case, Halpern v. Canada Attorney General , same-sex marriage ceremonies performed in Ontario on 14 January were subsequently validated when the common law , mixed-sex definition of marriage was held to be unconstitutional.
Similar rulings had legalized same-sex marriage in eight provinces and one territory when the Civil Marriage Act defined marriage throughout Canada as "the lawful union of two persons to the exclusion of all others".
In fact, ceremonies were often open to the public. If the society wants to observe the real equality between individuals, so it must draw the line and law according to things that are accordance with natural order tendencies. Churchill W. I hope that you understand what is the real human right and you begin to act preventing those things that threatens them. Interpretation is necessarily making the law. Board just as surely as it was true in Bush v.
Consequences of prohibiting gay marriage. 1. It Is Not Marriage
However, politicians in liberal states are likely to be pressured to allow at least some form of legal recognition for same sex couples. In fact, California's politicians have always been pressured to provide equal rights for the LGBT community.
However, those that are strongly against gay marriage, are also against gay adoption. In fact, many people are against gay marriage, in order to prevent gay couples from adopting children. Those opponents of gay adoption, clam that children of gay parents suffer ill effects by being raised by a gay couple. For example, many people claim that children need a male and a female role model in order to be able to enter into society in an effective manner.
The effects of a ban on gay marriage and gay adoption, can be devastating to the LGBT community. In fact, the opposition can take an emotional and psychological toll on same sex couples. In addition, transgender and transsexual individuals are generally offered no legal protection against discrimination of any kind.
In essence, that means that they can be denied jobs and housing, and they have no legal recourse. While some states do provide for laws on discrimination based on sexual orientation, many do not. Even fewer states offer legal recourse for discrimination based on gender identity.
However, the Matthew Shepard Act was recently enacted to provide for legal recourse against individuals that perpetrate hate crimes. Unfortunately, there is no legal recourse against states that forbid the recognition of same sex relationships or prohibit gay adoption. There are many effects on the LGBT community and society as a whole, when same sex marriage rights are legalized or prohibited. In fact, same sex marriage has many positive effects in social and political arenas. For example, same sex marriage has brought much needed attention to gay rights.
In fact, the gay marriage debate has encouraged states to pass laws protecting the rights of the LGBT community. Also, some members of the LGBT community have been granted access to shared health benefits. Health benefits have a direct effect on the community as a whole, because couples are able to have access to preventative health care, which in the end, saves tax payer money.
In addition, same sex marriages afford couples the opportunity to start a family by adopting a child or utilizing the services of a surrogate mother. In fact, same sex couples have provided many wonderful homes by adopting or providing foster care for children across the country.
There have been many studies done on the effects of same sex marriage on society as a whole. In fact, an increased rate of acceptance for same sex marriage, is correlated with a decrease in sexually transmitted diseases among members of the LGBT community. In turn, they are less likely to be exposed to diseases. However, the opposition claims that these studies are conducted by researchers with ulterior motives and in fact, can be made to say what ever the researchers wants. In other words, the opposition claims that the studies are not valid.
Yet, many studies have shown a correlation between legalized same sex marriage and increased over all health and well being for members of the LGBT community. In addition, there is proof that same sex couples are significantly under-reported in the census. In fact, the census does not allow same sex couples to list themselves as married since the federal government does not recognize same sex marriage.
Therefore, there are no reliable statistics relating to the number of same sex married couples, or same sex married couples that are raising children. The statistics are probably higher that what has been reported. In addition, heterosexual couples are raising children at a rate that is less than double that of same sex couples raising children. In other words, there are many same sex couples successfully raising children. According to recent statistics, around 14, foster children are currently being raised by same sex couples.
Statistical trends show an increase of societal acceptance for both gay adoption and gay marriage. Legislation regarding same sex marriage rights, began when Hawaii legalized same sex marriage.
However, Hawaii quickly overturned the legalization of gay marriage. Marriage licenses were never actually issued to same sex couples in Hawaii. However, there was a quick response by other states because of the possibility that gay marriage could be considered legal when one interpreted the state's Constitution. Currently, legislation in many US states is also being created in responses to some states legalizing same sex marriage, while other explicitly ban it.
In fact, same sex marriage legislation is currently pending worldwide. In general, gay marriage laws change with great frequency. For example, the state of Maine legally allowed and then prohibited gay marriage in less than six months.
In general, legislation in the United States tends to ban gay marriage rights. For example, thirty nine states enacted some form of the Defense of Marriage Act, thereby prohibiting gay marriage rights in those states. However, some of those states do offer a legal recognition of domestic partnerships and civil unions. In fact legislation usually prohibits the usage of the term marriage, rather then the conferment of rights on same sex relationships. While some states refuse to recognize same sex relationships in any form, others do.
Alabama and Florida are just two examples of states that refuse to offer any relationship rights to same sex couples. However, some states did not adopt the Defense of Marriage Act and confer rights to same sex relationships. On the international level, many countries are creating legislation on gay marriage. In fact, many countries have recently legally recognized same sex marriage, domestic partnerships or same sex marriage. However, many countries have also created legislation that explicitly forbids legal recognition of same sex marriage or other same sex relationships.
In the United States, The political debate about gay marriage rights began when Hawaii legalized and then quickly prohibited gay marriage. Hawaii was the first state to take either action. In response to the legalization of gay marriage in Hawaii, many politicians began to take action to be sure that same sex marriage would not be legally recognized in their state.
In fact, when Hawaii prohibited gay marriage before any licenses were issued, a worldwide public debate about gay marriage rights would cause quick action by both lawmakers and the LGBT community.
As states began to enact amendments similar to the Defense of Marriage Act, other states responded by allowing legally recognized civil unions or domestic partnerships. In fact, Massachusetts would be the first state to legalize same sex marriage. Political parties have responded with staunch support or opposition to the same sex marriage debate. While Democrats are generally in favor of gay marriage, Republicans are generally against the legalization of gay marriage.
Mercer CH et al. Increasing prevalence of male homosexual partnerships and practices in Britain Young homosexual men aged , who ever had anal sex had a fivefold increased risk of contracting HIV than those who never engaged in anal sex.
Valleroy L, et al. HIV prevalence and associated risks in young men who have sex with men. Halkitis PN. Intentional unsafe sex barebacking among HIV-positive gay men who seek sexual partners on the Internet.
AIDS Care. The only safe sex is, apart from abstinence, mutual monogamy with an uninfected partner. Medical Institute for Sexual Health. Homosexuals have very high rates of sexually transmitted infections such as HIV which pose a major burden to the health service.
Public Health Agency of Canada. November Trends in primary and secondary syphilis and HIV infections in men who have sex with men. MMWR ; Are trends in HIV, gonorrhoea, and syphilis worsening in western Europe?
BMJ ; There are increased rates of mental ill health among the homosexual population compared to the general population. Many studies show much higher rates of psychiatric illness, such as depression, suicide attempts and drug abuse among homosexuals then among the general population. The homosexual lifestyle is associated with a shortened life expectancy of up to 20 years. Is sexual orientation related to mental health problems and suicidality in young people?
They were three times as likely to rate their mental health as only 'fair' or 'poor' and to experience high levels of distress. Cochran S. Prevalence of mental disorders, psychological distress, and mental health services use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults in the United States. J Consult Clin Psychol. Sandfort TG, et al. However, this is not usually the case. If the same pattern of mortality were to continue, it is estimated that nearly half of gay and bisexual men currently aged 20 years will not reach their 65th birthday.
Hogg RS et al. Modelling the impact of HIV disease on mortality in gay and bisexual men. International Journal of Epidemiology. Homosexuality and pedophilia. Any attempts to legalise gay marriage should be aware of the link between homosexuality and pedophilia. While the majority of homosexuals are not involved in pedophilia, it is of grave concern that there is a disproportionately greater number of homosexuals among pedophiles and an overlap between the gay movement and the movement to make pedophilia acceptable.
Greek mythology is saturated with stories of pedophilia and ancient Greek literature praises pedophilia. The age group of boys that were used for 'sexual pleasure' was probably in the range of Male prostitution was very common with brothels in which boys and young men were available. There is evidence for an extensive trade in boys. Churchill W. Homosexual Behavior among Males.
The political scientist Prof. The pattern of sexual politics: feminism, homosexuality and pedophilia. Journal of Homosexuality ; Thorstad D.
Journal of Homosexuality. Blanchard R et al. Fraternal birth order and sexual orientation in pedophiles. Archives of Sexual Behavior ; Therefore, the prevalence of pedophilia among homosexuals is about times higher than one would expect if the proportion of pedophiles were evenly distributed within the hetero- and homosexual populations. Gay activists claim that there is no difference between children raised in a homosexual as opposed to a heterosexual household. However, essentially all studies that show that there is no difference have been criticised because of poor research quality.
For example, the studies have very small sample sizes, biased sample selection, or lack of control groups. Morgan, Children as Trophies? Christian Institute. Newcastle upon Tyne, Riggs SC.
In the above mentionted Dutch survey, the average length of a 'committed' homosexual partnership was only 1. Such an environment does not provide the stability required for raising children.
Former homosexual Stephen Bennett who is married to his wife and has two children states: 'Granting homosexuals the right to marry or adopt children is deliberately creating dysfunctional families. Biological evidence regarding gender development. Despite all the impression given by the media, homosexuality is neither an entirely innate condition nor is it unchangeable. The so-called 'gay gene' has never been found.
There are studies that show it is possible to change sexual orientation from predominantly homosexual to predominantly heterosexual orientation. Evidence from biology shows clearly that gays are not simply born that way.
Environmental influences play a significant role in the development of gender identity and sexual behavior. Bailey JM. Biological perspectives on sexual orientation. Columbia University Press, New York. It is assumed, that twins grow up in the same environment, There have been several studies investigating whether the identical twin brothers of homosexual men are also homosexuals. Evidence of familial nature of male homosexuality. Archives of General Psychiatry.
King M and McDonald E. Homosexuals who are twins. A study of 46 probands. British Journal of Psychiatry. He is viewed as a historic champion of gay activism by playing a key role in removing homosexuality from the psychiatric manual of mental disorders in
How Would Same-Sex Marriages Affect Society?
Amid a flood of controversy last June, the U. Supreme Court overturned a longstanding Texas anti-sodomy law. While gay rights supporters applauded the decision, conservative political and religious groups expressed outrage.
The ruling also prompted widespread speculation in the media that lawsuits related to other gay rights issues, including same-sex marriage, would not be far behind. Vermont already allows civil unions between same-sex couples, and the Massachusetts Supreme Court is considering a similar ruling. Meanwhile, conservative lobbying groups are pushing Congress to pass a Federal Marriage Amendment, mandating that marriages be performed only between a man and a woman.
Gay marriage is clearly a divisive issue in the United States, with passionate proponents on both sides. The latest Gallup data, from an Oct. Additionally, recent Gallup polling on same-sex marriage reveals a relatively widespread perception that it would not be good for society.
Americans are divided as to their personal views of whether gay and lesbian couples should have the same legal rights as married couples.
A Sept. Benjamin W. Bull, chief counsel for the Alliance Defense Fund, an Arizona-based Christian legal organization, is a strong proponent of the view that legalizing same-sex marriage would negatively affect society. Jessica Greenwald, a year-old fundraising professional for a non-profit organization in Omaha, Neb. The September poll also asked Americans whether they feel that gay or lesbian couples should be given the same legal rights as married couples, or if it doesn't matter to them.
Regardless of the public's feelings about same-sex marriage, it appears the controversy is here to stay. In addition to the Massachusetts Supreme Court case, a gay marriage case is also being heard in Indiana, and a similar case was dismissed last week by a New Jersey Superior Court judge. Subscribe to receive weekly Gallup News alerts. Never miss our latest insights. Do you think gay or lesbian relations between consenting adults should or should not be legal?
As you may know, there has been considerable discussion in the news regarding the rights of homosexual men and women. In general, do you think homosexuals should or should not have equal rights in terms of job opportunities? Do you feel that homosexuality should be considered an acceptable alternative lifestyle or not? Last week, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that a ban on gay marriage is unconstitutional -- a ruling that could lead to the legalization of same-sex marriages in that state.
How do teens feel about gay adoption? Teens approve of marriages between people of different races, ethnicities, and religions, according to a recent Gallup Youth Survey, but are considerably less approving when it comes to the subject of gay marriages.